Dna, in the nucleus carries the genetic code for making proteins in ribosomes. in the diagram, b, represents the proteins produced. dna cannot leave the nucleus to carry the genetic information to the ribosome where proteins are produced. how does the genetic code get from the nucleus to the ribosome? what does a represent? now
A: ribosome C: translation
During transcription, the two DNA strands unwind and separate. Free ribonucleotides combine to the corresponding bases in the template strand, which is one of the separated DNA strands. These ribonucleotides will form a mRNA, which can leave the nucleus and enter the cytoplasm.
In cytoplasm, mRNA will be translated into protein by ribosomes. During translation, the mRNA inside the ribosome will be attached to tRNA molecules, which will then attract specific amino acids. Different tRNA molecules bond with the corresponding segments of the mRNA and different amino acids will be joining together by peptide bond. A protein is then produced.
the genetic code in DNA is copied by RNA which can leave the nucleus and carry the code to the ribosome. mRNA copies the DNA code. tRNA brings amino acids to the ribosome and proteins are made.
The genetic code in DNA is copied by RNA which can leave the nucleus and carry the code to the ribosome. mRNA copies the DNA code. tRNA brings amino acids to the ribosome and proteins are made.
The image shows the unidirectional flow of genetic information from DNA to proteins. DNA is genetic material and serves as a template for synthesis of RNA. The mature mRNA leaves the nucleus and enter cytoplasm to join with ribosomes. The mRNA serves as a template for protein synthesis. hence, mRNA serves to carry the genetic information from the nucleus to ribosomes.
DNA is present in the nucleus that contains information for the protein synthesis in the form of genetic codes. The process of protein synthesis takes place in ribosomes, which are present outside the nucleus.
The DNA, first makes RNA with the help of RNA polymerase enzyme and information present in DNA gets transferred to mRNA. This mRNA molecule is then transported to the ribosome and provides information for the protein synthesis during translation.
(Note: the answer can be done without diagram).
It transfers energy out from the nucleus to the ribosome.
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