Read this passage from alan weisman's "the city without us": he props his running shoe against the whitish bark of a chinese amur cork tree, growing among the last of the hemlocks. "this may sound blasphemous, but maintaining biodiversity is less important than maintaining a functioning ecosystem. what matters is that soil is protected, that water gets cleaned, that trees filter the air, that a canopy regenerates new seedlings to keep nutrients from draining away into the bronx river." now read this passage from jared diamond's "the ends of the world as we know them": both the shoguns and the japanese peasants took a long-term view: the former expected to pass on their power to their children, and the latter expected to pass on their land. . today, despite having the highest human population density of any large developed country, japan is more than 70 percent forested. what common theme of green literature is most strongly evident in both passages? a. in order to thrive in coming centuries, people must find viable alternatives to fossil fuels, such as coal. b. with careful and intelligent management, ecosystems can still thrive after human beings have changed them. c. in order meet their goals, environmentalists must people develop a personal desire to protect nature. d. there is no excuse for damaging the natural world, and anyone who does so will pay a steep price.
I believe the correct answer is: B. With careful and intelligent management, ecosystems can still thrive after human beings have changed them.
Both of these passages talk about the importance of maintaining and taking care of the ecosystem: the first one deals with the priorities in preserving nature; and the second one puts Japanese people as an example to follow in terms of protecting the environment.
C: Allow one key employee to operate the bank account personally
When a small business owner cannot guarantee effective segregation of duties, key things are important to reduce or eliminate risks of fraud.
1. Effective record keeping is important fo every business and hence paying through checks would ensure to create a track record of every payments done by you. Doing this avoids unreasonable expenses as well as cash shortages.
2. Since, you can't afford sufficient employees, it's important that only you sign every check issued out to maintain order and successive track record, this would also greatly avoid falsified inventories
3. To avoid fictitious records or cases where values are overstated to match profits, it's important taht only you open the bank statements and operate bank accounts personally.
There is high risk of fraud mainly when internal controls can be overridden
Answer and Explanation:
The Perfect competition is a market condition in which there are very large number of buyers and sellers that sell the same or identical products having perfect knowledge with respect to products and services. Moreover, there is free entry and exit in this market
Monopolistic competition is a market condition that deals with many firms that are closely related to each other but sell differentiated products. Moreover, there is free entry and exit in this market
In the monopoly market, there is only one seller who controls the overall market. Due to this, the seller charged the high price as there is no competition. There is no free entry and exit in this market
In the oligopoly market, there are few sellers who deal in a single market. There is no free entry and exit in this market
Based on the above explanation, the categorization is shown below:
Scenario Number of Firms Type of Model
1. Many Differentiated product Monopolistic
2. Many Standardised products Perfect
3. Few Differentiated products Oligopoly
4. One Unique Monopoly
Characteristics of Monopolistic Competition: -Large number of firms Product differentiation No entry and exit cost in the long rim Challenging entry
Characteristics of Perfect Competition: -Large number of firms Identical products Easy to entry and exit
Characteristics of Oligopoly: -Few numbers of firms Identical or differential product Significant barriers to entry
Characteristics of Monopoly market: -Single firm No entry for new firms
Number of firms = Many
Type of product = Differentiated product
Entry = Challenging
Market Model = Monopolistic
Number of firms = Many
Type of product = Homogeneous product
Entry = Easy
Market Model = Perfectly competitive
Number of firms = Few
Type of product = Identical product
Entry = Challenging
Market Model = Oligopoly
In a major metropolitan area, there are many coffee shops, but one chain has gained a large market share because customers feel its coffee tastes better than its competitors'. - Differentiated product. Monopolistic competition.
The product is differentiated because it is not a perfect substitute for its competitors, since it is seen as being of higher quality than the rest.
The market structure is monopolistic competition because while there are many firms in the market, they do not sell prefect substitutes, and as a result, the market is sensitive to the rise of one of the companies.
There are dozens of pasta producers that sell pasta to hundreds of Italian restaurants nationwide. The restaurant owners buy from the cheapest pasta producer they can. While pasta manufacturers must pay licensing fees to their local government and undergo regular food-safety inspections, anyone who has passed inspections can acquire and maintain their license. - Standardized. Perfect Competition.
The pasta producers sell a product that is a perfect substitute, that is why restaurant buy whichever pasta is the cheapest.
The market value is reached in Perfect Competition because there are many firms in the market, the products are perfect substitutes, and few if any barriers to entry and exit.
Only three airlines fly from San Francisco to Medford, Oregon. No new airline will enter this market, because there are not enough customers to share among four or more airlines without each one experiencing substantially higher average costs. Consumers view all airlines as providing basically the same service and will shop around for the lowest price. - Standarized. Oligpology.
The product is standarized because it essentially has the same qualities, and consumers view all airlines as providing basically the same service.
The market structure is oligopoly because the market only has three firms, and no new firms can enter the market (barriers to entry).
The government has granted a patent to a drug company for an experimental AIDS drug. That company is the only firm permitted to sell the drug. - Unique. Monopoly.
The product is an unique type of drug, that is why it was granted a patent.
The market structure is a monopoly because only one firm sells a product that does not have any substitutes.
Scenario 1- In a major metropolitan area, one chain of coffee shops has gained a large market share because customers feel its coffee tastes better than its competitors'.
Market structure- Monopolistic competition
Number of Firms- Few
Type of Product- Differentiated
Scenario 2 - Many differentiated monopolistic competition there are dozens of pasta producers that sell pasta to hundreds of italian restaurants nationwide. the restaurant owners buy from the cheapest pasta producer they can.
Market structure- Competitive
Number of Firms- Many
Type of Product- Identical
Scenario 3- Only three airlines fly from san francisco to medford, oregon. no new airline will enter this market, because there are not enough customers to share among four or more airlines without each one experiencing substantially higher average costs. consumers view all airlines as providing basically the same service and will shop around for the lowest price.
Market structure- Oligopoly
Number of Firms- Few Firms
Type of Product- Identical
Scenario 4- A publishing company owns the u.s. copyright to a popular series of books. it is the only company with the legal right to publish these books in the united states
Market structure- Monopoly
Number of Firms- Single Firm
Type of Product- Unique
Perfect competition- Under this type of market structure there are too many firms selling identical products. There is no restriction on entry and exit and individual firms have no control over the price of the good.
Monopoly- It is a market structure in which there is only a single seller of the good. A monopoly has full control over its price. It can be created by copyrights, patents, etc.
Oligopoly- Under this market structure a few firms sell identical products to the market. The entry and exit is restricted in this market.
Monopolistic competition- This is a market structure in which a few firms sell a differentiated good. Entry and exit is also restricted in this market structure.
The answer is:
c. Allow one key employee to operate the bank account personally.
The following procedures are to prevent fraud and ensure internal control that small business owners should:
a. Pay everything by check so that there is a record.
b. Always open the bank statement and reconcile it themselves.
d. Sign every check themselves and not delegate the signing to anyone else.
However, the procedure in the answer c is unnecessary because the account management usually doesn't take so much resources for a small business owner.
It led to many American colonists moving back to England since the monarchy was restored with King Charles II, and the population of America decreased.C)
King Charles II wanted William Penn to start a colony where people of all religions could settle... thats all i know :(