Use the drop-down menus to identify each underlined verb form as a participle, gerund, or infinitive. 1.(climbing) a rope is not as difficult as you might think. gerund 2.i plan (to compete) in a chess tournament this weekend. infinitive 3.kali loves the smell of (roasting) garlic. participle
The answers are indeed
In the first sentence, "Climbing a rope is not as difficult as you might think," the subject is "climbing a rope". Climbing is the most important part of this subject. For the word "climbing" to be a subject, it must function as a noun in the sentence. The verb+ing form that functions as a noun is the gerund. Therefore, "climbing" is in the gerund.
In the second sentence, "I plan to compete in a chess tournament this weekend," the most important part of the object of the verb "plan" is "to compete". "To compete" is also functioning as a noun, but this time the verb form is to+verb, which is an infinitive.
In the third sentence, "Kali loves the smell of roasting garlic," we have a verb+ing form again. This time, however, "roasting" is not functioning as a noun, but as an adjective. It modifies the noun "garlic". In this case, we have a present participle form.
First we need to understand what gerund, infinitive and participle are.
Gerund: "A verb form which functions as a noun." Its form is verb+ing. In the above three question, you can see there are two, which have verb+ing form; however, the one which is used as a noun is Climbing.
The answer of 1 is: Gerund.
Infinitive: "A verb form which functions as a noun." Its form is to + (base form of verb). In the above three question, you can see there is one, which has "to + (base form of verb)" form. "To complete."
The answer of 2 is: Infinitive.
Participle: "A verb form which functions as sometimes as an adjective and sometimes as a noun." Its form is verb+ing. In the above three question, you can see there is one, which has "verb+ing" form and serves as an adjective. "Roasting."
The answer of 3 is: Participle.