a) latent heat is released to the atmosphere
Latent heat of condensation is that heat that is released to the atmosphere during a phase change from gas to liquid. It is a hidden form of heat that does not lead to a rise in temperature.Condensation is a phase change from gas to liquid. In the process of condensation, heat is removed from the vapor by cooling. As the water vapor changes from gas to liquid water, the latent heat of condensation is used to drive this phase change.
Latent heat is the heat energy required to change a substance from one state to another, during condensation the latent heat is energy released when water vapor condenses to form liquid droplets.
For condensation, latent heat effects associated with the phase change are significant, similarly as for boiling, but in reverse. Condensation is considered a warming process when gas molecules condense into liquid drops, latent heat is released into the atmosphere which warms the air surrounding the molecule, this adds instability in the atmosphere warming the air surrounding the molecule.
Considering this information we can conclude that the correct answer is a) latent heat is released to the atmosphere.
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ir source of energy is water vapor which is evaporated from the ocean surface. Water vapor is the "fuel" for the hurricanes because it releases the "latent heat of condensation" when it condenses to form clouds and rain, warming the surrounding air.
The right answer is: c.