Chemical addictions are associated with the use of various state-changing substances as addictive agents. Many of these substances are toxic and cause organic damage. Some substances that change the mental state are included in the metabolism and cause phenomena of physical dependence.
The entire teenage and youth subpopulation, as a risk group in the broad sense of the word, is the object of general prevention aimed at counteracting the macro-social factors of chemical addiction.
Persons with mild forms of any deviant behavior, and possibly occasionally using psychoactive substances, but without pronounced painful symptoms, fall into the target group of selective prevention, which is aimed at correcting behavior. Persons who abuse drugs, but do not yet have the clinical status of drug addicts, are considered objects of symptomatic prevention (indicated prevention), consisting of long-term social and psychological work.
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