Before the French Revolution, the french society had the structure of feudalism that was known as Estates System, a person belonged to an Estate which determined this person’s rights and status in society and usually, people did not change Estates.
The Peasants (3rd Estate) were the majority of the population but they lacked political and economic power and also did not own the majority of the land.
The second Estate the clergy and nobility controlled the majority of the land in France and also had important positions in the government, church, and military. After the French Revolution, there was major land reform.
Land ownership was extremely unequal between the three estates of pre-revolutionary French society
The three estates in pre-revolutionary France were unequal in many aspects, and of those was the land ownership. The first estate was accounting for only 1% of the population, but it owned 10 times more land than what its numbers suggested. The second estate was accounting for 2% of the population, but it owned 12.5 times more land that what its number suggests. The third estate, which was accounting for 97% of the population, possessed only 65% of the land, which is much lower than what its population suggests. This made the French society very unequal economically, which understandably resulted in revolt by the third estate.
there was a king, priests, and peasants.
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