the Court ruled on the constitutionality of random drug testing of student athletes.
The correct answer is the last statement: drug testing was necessary to protect all students.
The Vernonia School District argued for the random drug-testing of athletes saying that it was important to protect all students of the school. It was an important action because according to the school there was an epidemic drug-use among students.
The school also argued that athletes were the leaders of this drug-use culture and that they were the most important ones to be tested since they were frequently in situations during sports when drug-use could cause harm to other people.
The school district argued that the random drug searches were reasonable as students' right to privacy is limited at school.
Some students athletes at Vernonia, Oregon, were protesting against random drug searches being done against their permission. The school administrators stressed the purpose of the searches, which was protection of other students and prevention of drug usage at school. They argued that students at schools are subjects to greater control than free adults, and that the Fourth Amendment does not apply to them in that case.
The Supreme Court ruled that the searches were reasonable in light of the schools' interest in preventing teenage drug use. The governmental concern over the safety of minors under their supervision overrides the minimal intrusion in students' privacy.