i think its andrew jackson
D is correct.
Explanation: In Italy it was very difficult to link nationalism to the past (in contrast to other countries) because major part of Italian history Italy was dominated by foreign aristocracy. This is the reason why Italian fascists could not look back ("retour á la terre") to the old landlords and traditions and could not look for their allies among old landowning families. So Italian fascism had to look forward (for example: futurism was a natural ally) and profess modernization. Italian nationalism was connected with the vision of future in Italy, it could not look back. Japan´s nationalism was connected with future as well, but it was not motivated by the escape from the past (fragmented country) as in the case of Italy.
the answer is D for apex
Andrew Jackson was an outspoken advocate of the nationalist viewpoint
D. the pragmatic nationalist view
The nationalist view of history states that a country should have a certain race, ideology and geography shared, as well as history throught the years, from the options the one that has historically been under one control and power is Japan, since all japanese inhabitants have history in common and have always shared a common space in geography, they best fit the definition of nation.
One would describe him as "he had a strong nationalist view of governing".
John Quincy Adams, who was a staunch Nationalist, was an American statesman who filled in as the 6th President of the US from 1825 to 1829. Adams' dedication to U.S. republican qualities molded early American foreign policy. As a representative, Adams assumed a vital part in arranging key bargains, including the Treaty of Ghent, which finished the War of 1812
They saw the US as lazy and terrible people and an easy target.