All the cells in a person's body have the same DNA and the same genes. However, the difference between cells in different tissues and organs is that the "expression" of the genes differs between cells. Expression means that the message from the DNA is being copied and made into protein.
All the cells in a persons body have the same DNA and the sane genes. However, the difference between cells in different tissues and organs is that the expression of the genes differs between cells. Expression means that the message from the DNA is being copied and made into protein.
The genes is the unit of the DNA that controls all the development of the traits in the human body and it is typically located on the chromosomes.
The genes is passed from the parents to their children in the form of genetic information.
According to the question, genes is the term which is refers to the blueprint for creating the traits of the human and it also determine the functions and the nature of each cell in the human body.
Therefore, Genes is the correct answer.
Every cell in a human body contains the same genetic material (DNA), which holds the information needed for the organisms optimal functioning on genes. However, these DNA, which are 46 (23 pairs) in number in humans are found as long visible X-shaped structures called CHROMOSOMES.
Originally, DNA is a long strand of nuceleotide and due to this it becomes difficult to fit into the nucleus of the cell. The cell, however, devises a means to make its genetic material contain its nucleus by wrapping the long DNA around certain proteins called HISTONES. These histone-DNA complex forms the Chromatin, which is later compacted and further coiled to form the CHROMOSOME.
Different genes are expressed in different cells
The instruction is provided to the cell by the genetic material in the form of genes. Genes are the physical segment present on the DNA which can code for a specific protein.
The genes are present in the cells in the condensed form called chromosome which is present in all the cells of the body.
Although all the cells contain the same type of chromosomes or genes but they differentiate to perform different functions.
The differentiation process involves the expression of different genes in different cells as a result of which different proteins are formed in different cells and they perform different functions.
The process of mitosis occurs when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. This is part of the cell cycle, and it leads to almost every cell in the human body being replaced every few years. This process gives rise to cells that are genetically identical, and cells in which the number of chromosomes is maintained.
The body of the living organism constitutes the element like hydrogen, oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon. These elements are important for the proper functioning of the body.
The substance that makes the 75 to 90% of every cell is water. Water is made of hydrogen and oxygen element. The water dissolves most of the solutes of the body and maintains the cell permeability. The water maintains the integrity and structure of the cell as well.
Thus, the answer is water.