The Dutch East India Company was the first European that challenged the Portuguese domination of Asian trade. Different from Spanish and Portuguese traders, the Dutch expeditions were not controlled by the government, they had full sovereign powers. Because of that they had an enormous amount of power, they set up colonies and trading posts around the world, they captured Malacca from the Portuguese rule and opened trade with China.
The Dutch East India Company had full sovereign powers unlike Portuguese traders.
question 10: the answer is c, to their constituents address a problem.
question 11: i think it would be domestic bills, which deal with american issues only and public bills, which affect the whole nation.